Maintaining tobacco abstinence among people leaving smoke-free prisons in Victoria: A pilot randomised controlled trial
Dr Stuart Kinner, University of Melbourne
Smoking rates are extremely high among people cycling through Australian prisons. Prisoners experience disproportionate rates of smoking-related health which are often compounded by entrenched social and financial disadvantage. Indigenous Australians and people with mental illness are markedly over-represented in prisons and experience increased smoking-related health inequalities compared to both their community counterparts and non-Indigenous prisoners.
Correctional authorities in Australia and elsewhere are progressively implementing smoke-free policies that prohibit tobacco smoking on prison grounds for both prisoners and prison staff. However, despite good evidence that prison smoking bans reduce both smoking and exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke, research suggests that correctional smoking bans are insufficient to maintain smoking abstinence after release from prison. This research will evaluate the effects of a brief smoking cessation support intervention that proactively links people to more intensive, evidence-based cessation assistance.
PRomoting Incentives for healthy food Choices with retailer-led Economic interventions (PRICE study)
Dr Kathryn Backholer, Deakin University
Price is a key factor influencing what people consume and is becoming increasingly tangible as a leverage point to promote healthier food and beverage choices. It has been suggested that pricing strategies represent one of the strongest, if not the strongest, marketing factors predicting consumer food and beverage choices. Whilst is it generally accepted that price is a major driver of consumer food and beverage choices, the potential to use pricing interventions within the community retail setting to promote healthy food and beverage choices, is seldom considered.
In this project, we propose to conduct the first study, nationally and internationally, to systematically and collaboratively work with those directly involved in the food retail sector, to co-develop and evaluate a range of acceptable, feasible, effective and sustainable pricing strategies, which aim to promote consumer healthy food and beverage choices, on outcomes relevant to health and business.
Count Me In: Promoting participation in sport for migrant and refugee children and youth
Dr Karen Block, University of Melbourne
Refugee and CALD migrant youth have low participation rates in sport however, despite improved policies and guidelines becoming available for clubs and sports governing bodies to promote inclusivity and cultural competence. Remaining identified barriers include costs, discrimination, a lack of knowledge of mainstream sports services, lack of access to transport, culturally determined gender norms and family attitudes.
The Count Me In program was designed to address identified barriers to sports participation by CALD migrant and refugee-background young people. This participatory action research project will implement and evaluate Count Me In, a sports participation program for young people from refugee and CALD (Culturally and Linguistically Diverse) migrant backgrounds. The overall aim of the project is to promote health and wellbeing - including mental and physical health and resilience; and an increased sense of belonging, social connectedness and inclusion for these population groups.
readyforwhatsnext: A computer simulation model to identify optimal strategies for developing the resilience of young Victorians
Dr Matthew Hamilton, University of Melbourne (ORYGEN)
readyforwhatsnext will establish a collaborative partnership between young people, researchers and policymakers to develop and validate a computer simulation model that informs better approaches to developing the resilience of young Victorians. Computer simulation models are mathematical representations of the working of some system of interest, developed with the aid of computer software, are similar to but simpler than the systems they represent. Computer simulation models have been described as "thinking prostheses" for their ability to synthesise large amounts of information from diverse sources relating to complex systems and are increasingly used to inform health policy because of their ability to explore the potential impact of alternative policy choices and to describe the decision uncertainty relating to those choices.
Developing a LGBTI safe housing network to prevent homelessness and build social connection and resilience
Dr Ruth McNair, University of Melbourne
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, gender diverse and intersex (LGBTI) people are more likely to experience homelessness than heterosexual, cis-gendered Australians. One of the key drivers of homelessness is family rejection and conflict relating to minority sexual and gender identities and intersex status. A further driver is discrimination within the housing sector. Prevention of homelessness can be facilitated through access to stable housing that is free from discrimination for LGBTI people.
The project aims to establish, pilot and evaluate a Victorian LGBTI people safe housing network that enables LGBTI people at any age who are experiencing or at risk of homelessness (including after exiting care) to enter the stable and safe housing. The network will also help build their social connections and resilience, leading to improved mental health and wellbeing; and significantly reduce the likelihood of homelessness in the future.